uses of ramie

uses of ramie

The main producers of ramie today are China, Brazil, Philippines, India, South Korea and Thailand. Ramie is one of the oldest textile fibers. Strong, absorbent yarn spun from ramie. Care of Ramie Textiles It is a perennial herb and grows up to two and a half meters tall. Uses of Ramie Ramie is used for creating products like filter cloths, fishing nets, packing materials and sewing thread. Native to East Asia, Ramie is a nettle family flowering plant. One of the two principal crops used is ramie. It is highly cultivated for its high quality fibre or as an ornamental plant. Uses of Ramie. Ramie (Zhu Ma, 苎麻) is a flowering plant in the nettle family Urticaceae, native to eastern Asia. Uses. It is also made into fabrics for household furnishings and clothing, frequently in blends with other textile fibres. The extraction and cleaning of the fiber does not come cheap. Shorter fibres and waste are used in paper manufacture. Ramie fibers were used for burial shrouds in ancient Egypt and ancient China. Unlike stinging nettles, it gives an appearance of being silvery. The Eorzea Database Stalk of Ramie page. It is very absorbent and thus very easy to wear and feel comfortable in, particularly when the weather is warm. Textiles (9th ed.). [5], Brazil began production in the late 1930s with production peaking in 1971. In the twenty-first century, ramie, either in blends or alone, is used for a wide range of clothing: dresses, suits, sportswear, and underwear. The main reason for this is that it involves too many steps including having to scrape, pound, heat, wash and expose the fibers to chemicals. The leaves are astringent and resolvent. A 4.5-ton crop yields 1,600 kg/ha/year of dry undegummed fiber. Because of its high molecular crystallinity, ramie is stiff and brittle and will break if folded repeatedly in the same place; it lacks resiliency and is low in elasticity and elongation potential. Ramie is a flowering plant in the nettle family Urticaceae, native to eastern Asia. • Ramie Pollen Induced Asthma: Ramie has been established to be a cause of asthma. Ramie definition is - an Asian perennial plant (Boehmeria nivea) of the nettle family. All these steps are sometimes necessary to separate the resins or adhesive gum to the raw fiber which unsheathes it. Ramie does not shrink and keeps its shape. Ramie is used to make such products as industrial sewing thread, packing materials, fishing nets, and filter cloths. If so, then it is environmentally friendly. All these steps are sometimes necessary to separate the resins or adhesive gum to the raw fiber which unsheathes it. Names of Boehmeria Nivea in various languages of the world are also given. Study reports on the diseases of ramie, its occurrence, symptoms, and control measures. location = '/thank-you/'; Finally, they wash the residual cortex material, dry this and then extract the spinnable fiber after it is de-gummed. Ramie does this even better than cotton. It is also made for household furnishings into fabric, such as canvas and upholstery. Ramie also lacks resiliency. Ramie’s waste and short fibers are used to manufacture paper. Copyright @ 2020 KeyColour. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. The ramie leaves are picked, cleaned and ground in mortar, mixed into a dough of glutinous rice powder, water and sugar, kneaded thoroughly and placed on palm-sized square- or circular-cut banana leaves and steamed. Around 1980, Ramie gained more popularity because of new processing methods which improved the qualities of the fabric. In great conditions of growing, it can be harvested up to six times yearly. There are heart-shaped leaves and small hairs on the underside. Fiber extraction happens in 3 different stages. Ramie is one of the oldest fiber crops, having been used for at least 6,000 years, and is principally used for fabric production. This type has leaves that are smaller with an underside that is green. Though ramie and flax are difficult to distinguish in ancient cloth, ramie's resistance to bacteria and mildew would make it appropriate for mummy wrapping.[4]. This article is about the plant. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall; 2001. Powered by Phoenix Web Design Firm PrimeView. Ramie is used to make such products as industrial sewing thread, packing materials, fishing nets, and filter cloths. It is low in elongation potential and elasticity. Ramie is also occasionally used in the construction of high performance rowing oar shafts. Mahe Drysdale used sculling oars made with ramie during the 2018 Rio Olympics where he won Gold in the Men's 1X Scull. The effects of precompaction process on fiber compaction and mechanical properties of ramie fiber yarns and composites were studied. For the 2010 Prius, Toyota began using a new range of plant-derived ecological bioplastics made from the cellulose in wood or grass instead of petroleum. Next, the cortex goes through a scraping so that most of the outer bark gets removed. Mild acids don’t harm ramie and it is fairly easy to dye. and is used in many textile products. Ramie is harvested soon after or just before the start of flowering. Ramie has limited textile use acceptance, despite its strength. The root is antiabortifacient, cooling, demulcent, diuretic, resolvent and uterosedative. Ramie is used for creating products like filter cloths, fishing nets, packing materials and sewing thread. On the other hand it won’t dye as easily as cotton fabrics. Fiber spinning is hard by its low elasticity and brittle quality. Clothing can also be made or ramie. Ramie is a premium plant fibre with several useful characteristics and improvements in processing methods may well result in ramie becoming a … Like linen, it’s a bast fiber – part of the stalk is separated from the plant and woven into yarn.It’s also similar to linen in that the fiber is relatively brittle and creases easily and ramie … The above tooltip code may be used when posting comments in the Eorzea Database, creating blog entries, or accessing the Event & Party Recruitment page. Required fields are marked *, State:---AlaskaAlabamaArkansasAmerican SamoaArizonaCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIowaIdahoIllinoisIndianaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMassachusettsMarylandMaineMichiganMinnesotaMissouriMississippiMontanaNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaNebraskaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNevadaNew YorkOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaTennesseeTexasUtahVirginiaVermontWashingtonWisconsinWest VirginiaWyoming, Best Time to Call---9 - NoonNoon - 2pm2pm - 5pmAfter Hours, How did you hear about us?---GoogleYahooMSNPostcardLetterRadioTVFriendCompany RepWeb ArticleNewspaper AdOthers. For the Irish hurler, see. This way, you will know what to mix with other fabrics to garner maximum properties for the textile blend. The leaves are astringent and resolvent. The ramie leaves give the dumplings a dark green colour and unique aroma. Ramie is a flowering plant that is native to Asia. Used to prevent miscarriages and promote the drainage of pus. Ramie can withstand high-temperature laundering. Also, if you want to add an interesting twist to your ramie garments, go ahead and dye them in a range of colors from a great source of textile and fabric dyes. When ramie fiber was extracted by oxidation degumming, large amount of hydroxyl groups were converted to carboxyl groups and aldehydes groups. Ramie fabric is used for apparel including suits, skirts, jackets, dresses, shirts, blouses, pants and handkerchiefs. Toyota’s Prius 2010 started using eco-bioplastic derived from plants made from cellulose in grass or wood rather than petroleum. The Ramie plant is also known as China grass and is covered in short, white hairs, like nettle plants are. The bark ribbon is then dried as quickly as possible, preventing bacteria and fungi from attacking it. Ramie can be harvested anywhere between 2-3 times per year up to 6 times per year. Since there is a plant growth decline at this stage, it is harvested at this time. The rate of positive reactions to ramie in intradermal tests was 11.7% among adult asthmatic patients in the Nagasaki area. English. If this does not occur, the bark becomes hard to remove, and the plant dries out. When used, a tooltip* will be displayed in your comment. When washed, the smooth luster and appearance improve. [3], The fiber extraction occurs in three stages. Ramie (Boehmeria niveau) is made of natural fibers and is an everlasting kind of the Nettle family. Compared to other fibers, it is not as durable. It is not as durable as other fibers, so is usually used as a blend with other fibers such as cotton or wool. This enables the core to be broken and the cortex can be stripped from the plant in situ. The fiber ramie is especially known for being able to reduce wrinkles and hold shape. These glutinous rice powder dumplings are known as "ban (粄)" in Hakka or "Cha Kwo (茶棵)" in Cantonese, similar to another Southeast Asian delicacy otherwise known as Kuih. In the twenty-first century, ramie, either in blends or alone, is used for a wide range of clothing: dresses, suits, sportswear, and underwear. Ramie fabric was used in ancient Egypt and was known in Europe during the Middle Ages. The fiber's extraction and cleaning are expensive, chiefly because of the several steps—involving scraping, pounding, heating, washing, or exposure to chemicals. They are used in the treatment of fluxes and wounds. List of various diseases cured by Boehmeria Nivea. Other uses. (1911). The yarn’s hairy surface is complicated. It also has the same microscopic appearance and density as linen. This creates a reduction in shrinkage in wool compared to 100% wool. In the bast layer, the parenchyma some of the pectins and the gums are removed as well. The true ramie or China grass is also called Chinese plant or white ramie. All Rights Reserved. Hemp is also one of the bast fibers known to ancient Asians, long before the birth of Christ. "Ramie" . Abstract—Ramie is recognized as the strongest of all natural bast fibres in the world which is known as riha in Assam. China grass or true ramie is called white ramie or Chinese plant. Japan, Germany, France and the UK are the main importers, the remaining supply is used domestically.[3]. Ramie, Boehmeria nivea, is an erect, herbaceous, perennial, flowering plant up to 1 -3 m tall with thick storage roots. Medicinal use of Ramie: Antiphlogistic, demulcent, diuretic, febrifuge, haemostatic and vulnerary. The Eorzea Database Stalk of Ramie page. It was used in mummy cloths in Egypt during the period 5000 - 3000 BC, and has been grown in China for many centuries. These plants however do not sting. It is a herbaceous perennial growing to 1–2.5 metres (3 ft 3 in–8 ft 2 in) in height. In order to increase ramie fiber content in composite, vacuum pressure compaction and hot compaction with high pressure and temperature were, respectively, used to compress the fabric stack before molding. English. Stems after harvesting are decorticated when the plant is fresh. They have been used for centuries in Korea for the hanbok, Korea's traditional costume. The above tooltip code may be used when posting comments in the Eorzea Database, creating blog entries, or accessing the Event & Party Recruitment page. Kadolph SJ, Langford AL. In Vietnam, ramie leaves are called "cây lá gai," which is a main ingredient in making "bánh gai" or "bánh ít lá gai," a Vietnamese glutinous rice cake. [3] Unlike other bast crops, ramie requires chemical processing to de-gum the fiber. If you repeatedly fold it in the same place, it will break. The Malay word ‘rami’ is where the word ‘ramie’ comes from. Ramie fabric was used in ancient Egypt and was known in Europe during the Middle Ages. Care of Ramie Textiles Cambridge University Press. The maximum content of fiber is also available at this point. It is also made into fabrics for household furnishings (upholstery, canvas) and clothing, frequently in blends with other textile fibers (for instance when used in a mixture with wool, shrinkage is reported to be greatly reduced when compared with pure wool). [3], Ramie has been grown in China for many centuries, and farmers in ancient China are known to have used the fiber to weave clothing. [3] Stems are harvested by cutting just above the lateral roots or by bending the stem. Your email address will not be published. It is a perennial shrub of the urticacease family yielding fibre from the bark of the canes which provides excellent raw material for blending with the natural and synthetic fibres. It exhibits even greater strength when wet. From crops, harvested stems’ dried weight ranges from three to four-and-a-half yearly. It is a bast fiber, and the fiber used for textiles comes from the inner bark (phloem) of the vegetative stalks and not the woody stem or outer bark. It is not durable as other fibers, and so is usually used as a blend with other fibers … Frequently, another textile fiber is mixed with ramie such as wool. ramie with different silk with different blend proportions offers excellent scope for producing a variety of materials for different uses. Second, the cortex is scraped to remove most of the outer bark, the parenchyma in the bast layer and some of the gums and pectins. This can be done by machine or by hand. The weight loss during degumming can be up to 25%, giving a yield of degummed fiber of about 1,200 kg/ha/year. 13,19,20 However, in addition to the problem of durability … First, the cortex (bark) is removed; this can be done manually or by machine. It is the bast of the stem that produces the Ramie fibres. Ramie fibers were used for burial shrouds in ancient Egypt and ancient China. The French painter Raoul Dufy designed in the early 20th century patterns for prints on mechera used by the French shirtmaker Charvet. Rami, the upward portions on both sides of the mandible; Superior pubic ramus; Rochester Athenaeum and Mechanics Institute, the former name of the Rochester Institute of Technology; Rami (Card game) or rummy, a group of card games based on matching cards of the same rank or sequence, and same suit Rhea or green ramie is a second type of ramie and is thought to have come from the Malay Peninsula. Interest in ramie is being rekindled and is appearing more often in the fiber content of clothing and textiles. The result is a lack of fiber-cohesion between them. It has smaller leaves which are green on the underside, and it appears to be better suited to tropical conditions. Other producers include Japan, Taiwan, the Philippines, and Brazil. Ramie has limited textile use acceptance, despite its strength. Nevertheless, ramie fabric has never really been widely used in the textile industry because the fabric is expensive and its processing is highly complex. Ramie is also produced in India, Thailand, Malaya, Queensland (Australia), Mauritius, the Cameroons, West Indies, Mexico, the southern states of the United States, and in south Europe. Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). One of the oldest crops ever used for fiber, Ramie has been around for a minimum of 6,000 years. Ramie, unlike other bast crops, requires the fiber to be de-gummed using chemical processing. This prevents fungi and bacteria from attacking it. Uses of Ramie. Ramie has for the most part been used in the country in which it was produced. Also, this type of fabric can be bleached. The process is typically done by first treating ramie fibers with NaOH in … Ramie is brittle and stiff due to its high molecular crystalline properties. advantages of ramie as a fabric resistant to bacteria, mildew, alkalis, rotting, light and insect attacks extremely absorbent and therefore comfortable to wear, especially during warm weather Mainly, it is used for the production of fiber. Ramie’s greater use depends on there being improved methods of production or processing. Ramie pollen-specific IgE antibodies were measured by ELISA, with the positive provocation test group showing higher O.D. The main reason for this is that it involves too many steps including having to scrape, pound, heat, wash and expose the fibers to chemicals. Used to prevent miscarriages and promote the drainage of pus. Medicinal use of Ramie: Antiphlogistic, demulcent, diuretic, febrifuge, haemostatic and vulnerary. The yarn’s hairy surface is complicated. As these names reveal, Ramie was cultivated first in Eastern Asia. When wet, ramie is stronger than when it is dry. [3], The dry weight of harvested stem from crops ranges from 3.4 to 4.5 t/ha/year. Despite its strength, ramie has had limited acceptance for textile use. Ramie is also called China grass, grass linen, grass cloth or China linen. Ramie is one of the oldest fiber crops, having been used for at least six thousand years, and is principally used for fabric production.It is a bast fiber, and the part used is the bark of the vegetative stalks.Ramie is normally harvested two to three times a year but under good growing conditions can be harvested up to six times per year. In ramie. Ramie fibers are naturally white, which reduces the need for bleaching, but in order to be used in textiles, they require extensive processing, including de-gumming. It is also … When used, a tooltip* will be displayed in your comment. When the plant begins flowering, or just before, it signals both a decline in growth and the plant being at its maximum fibre content, and is harvested. Your email address will not be published. It is not certain whether ramie … Normally, ramie is harvested twice or thrice annually. Not unlike linen, ramie has a natural ability to resist stains with ease of soil or stain removal. Ramie has been used since pre-historic times in China, India and Indonesia, having been cultivated for over 5 thousand years, which makes it an older crop than cotton in many places. These days, it is a good idea to become familiar with all the great properties of natural fibers such as ramie. How Boehmeria Nivea is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Requirements: Level 1 Item Level 136 Statistics & Bonuses: Repairs, Recycle & Style: Stack Size 999 Sells for x 1 2: Rebuild Lists. It was probably used first in Asia. It is a herbaceous perennial growing to 1.0–2.5 m (3 ft 3 in–8 ft 2 in) tall; the leaves are heart-shaped, 7–15 cm (2.8–5.9 in) long and 6–12 cm (2.4–4.7 in) broad, and white on the underside with dense, small hairs—this gives it a silvery appearance; unlike stinging nettles, the hairs do not sting. [10] Only a small percentage of the ramie produced is available on the international market. Ramie fibre, also known as China grass, and ramie fabric, variously known as grass linen, grass cloth, or China linen, have been exported from East Asia to the Western… It is a herbaceous perennial growing to 1.0–2.5 m (3 ft 3 in–8 ft 2 in) tall;[1] the leaves are heart-shaped, 7–15 cm (2.8–5.9 in) long and 6–12 cm (2.4–4.7 in) broad, and white on the underside with dense, small hairs—this gives it a silvery appearance; unlike stinging nettles, the hairs do not sting. The leaves are heart-shaped with white, hairy underside. Despite its strength, ramie has had limited acceptance for textile use. Ramie manufacture. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Boehmeria Nivea. The use of lignocellulosic fibers, such as wood (eucalyptus and pines) and nonwood (sisal, green coconut, yam, bamboo, fique, hemp, flax, jute, curauá, and ramie) fibers, as reinforcement in cement-based composites has been studied to partially replace the synthetic counterparts, especially glass and polymeric fibers in construction materials. [3], After harvesting, stems are decorticated while the plants are fresh. Then, the bark ribbon is dried as quickly as possible. Natural fibre, such as cotton fibre is free of impurities but only when no harmful pesticides or insecticides are used in its cultivation. The plural of ramus, literally a branch, as of a plant, nerve, or blood vessel: . The fibers are also very strong and—like linen—improve in strength when wet with very little shrinkage. Uses. It does not dye as well as cotton. [1] The word "ramie" is derived from the Malay word rami.[2]. Ramie’s greater use depends on there being improved. [1], Ramie is one of the strongest natural fibers. Since then, production has steadily declined as a result of competition from alternative crops, such as soybeans and synthetic fibers. Ramie fibers are naturally white, which reduces the need for bleaching, but in order to be used in textiles, they require extensive processing, including de-gumming. Ramie ribbon is used in fine bookbinding as a substitute for traditional linen tape. Ramie was used to produce an open-weave fabric called mechera, used for shirts and dressing gowns suitable for warm climates. document.addEventListener( 'wpcf7mailsent', function( event ) { In the Chinese Hakka community, ramie leaves are called "chu yap (苧葉)," which is a main ingredient in making pancake-like dumplings with glutinous rice powder, sugar and water. Ramie is one of the commonest fibres used in Japanese textiles. The leaves give the cake its distinct color, flavor and fragrance. The true ramie or China grass is also called Chinese plant or white ramie. Ramie is one of the oldest fiber crops, having been used for at least 6,000 years, and is principally used for fabric production.It is a bast fiber, and the fiber used for textiles comes from the inner bark of the vegetative stalks and not the woody stem or outer bark.Ramie is normally harvested two to three times a year, but under good growing conditions can be harvested up to six times per year. The part used for fiber is the vegetative stalk bark, making this a bast fiber. Ramie (pronounced: /ˈreɪmi/, RAY-mee; from Malay rami) is a flowering plant in the nettle family Urticaceae, native to eastern Asia. Greater utilization of ramie may depend upon development of improved processing methods and the need to find plastic alternatives.[9]. Ramie is one of the main crops. If this is not done while the plants are still fresh, the plants dry out and the bark will be difficult to remove. [6], Despite its strength, ramie has had limited acceptance for textile use. Clothing can also be made or ramie. The fibers are also very strong and—like linen—improve in strength when wet with very little shrinkage. Ramie is normally harvested two to three times a year, but under good growing conditions can be harvested up to six times per year. Fiber spinning is hard by its low elasticity and brittle quality. Ramie is resistant to insect attacks, light, rotting, alkalis, mildew, and bacteria. Because of the trend toward natural fibers, expect to see ramie become even more popular. This process is called decortication. Only a small percentage of the ramie produced is available on the international market. 10.1002/(SICI)1439-2054(20000301)276:1<1::AID-MAME1>3.0.CO;2-W, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ramie&oldid=991916164, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 14:21. Hemp is a bast fiber plant similar to Flax, Kenaf, Jute, and Ramie. Decortication is what the process is called. It is harvested and processed to yield strong fibers of the same name, which are used in the production of textiles, twine, upholstery, filters, and sacking.Like flax, jute, and hemp, ramie is considered a bast fiber crop, meaning that the usable portion of the plant is found in its connective tissue structures. Ramie is still not used much by the textile industry largely because it is a high cost fibre due to its complex processing requirements. In terms of absorbency, it is not unlike linen. Ramie definition is - an Asian perennial plant (Boehmeria nivea) of the nettle family. Leaves and roots of ramie are used in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) as … Ramie was used as a linen-like fabric as far back as the times of Ancient Egyptians. When laundering, there is good wet-fastness in ramie although when repeatedly washed, darker colors might lose its vibrancy. Stems are harvested by bending the stem or cutting just above the lateral roots. Some or all are needed to separate the raw fiber from the adhesive gums or resins. The result is a lack of fiber-cohesion between them. It also seems to be more adapted to tropical conditions. This means that a crop that weighs 4.5 tons yields one-thousand-six-hundred kilograms/hectare/year of dry fiber non-de-gummed. ADVANTAGES OF RAMIE AS A FABRIC resistant to bacteria, mildew, alkalis, rotting, light and insect attacks extremely absorbent and therefore comfortable to wear, especially during warm weather has … It is similar to linen in absorbency, density, and microscopic appearance. Other uses include gas mantles for lanterns, ropes, nets, fire hoses, table linens, filter cloth, upholstery, straw hats, and sewing thread. The extraction and cleaning of the fiber does not come cheap. Acid hydrolysis treatment of ramie fibers is mainly used to remove amorphous domains in cellulose and leave mostly crystalline domains, such as cellulose whiskers or cellulose nanocrystals. A second type, known as green ramie or rhea, is believed to have originated in the Malay Peninsula[citation needed]. • Diseases of Ramie: Ramiw, the vegetable fiber, is obtained from the stem of B. nivea (L.) Gaud. Ribbons of ramie are utilized as a substitute for linen tape and binding books. Ramie fiber is known especially for its ability to hold shape, reduce wrinkling, and introduce a silky lustre to the fabric appearance. Ramie fibre, also known as China grass, and ramie fabric, variously known as grass linen, grass cloth, or China linen, have been exported from East Asia to the Western… This would do great damage to tensile properties of fiber, for the hydrogen bonds among carboxyl groups and aldehydes groups were much weaker than the ones among hydroxyl groups. Shorter fibers and waste are used in paper manufacture. Third, the residual cortex material is washed, dried, and degummed to extract the spinnable fiber. Ramie is a fiber made from a plant of the same name – a member of the nettle family. Taiwan's aboriginal people have used ramie for millennia in fabric production and ramie is still used to create traditional garb which is worn in the festivals which have not been banned (mostly related to decapitation and stabbing enemy captives).

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